Understanding Free Verse Poetry is an exploration of the definition, characteristics, and the importance of this unique style of poetry. We will delve into the distinct qualities that distinguish free verse poetry from other forms, as well as its significance in the literary world. So let’s embark on this poetic journey to embrace the creative freedom and expressive power that free verse poetry offers.
Definition and Characteristics of Free Verse Poetry
Free verse poetry is a special way to express yourself. It does not have rhyme, meter or a fixed form. This allows the poet to play with language and make their own rhythm and structure. It gives them a sense of freedom. The poet can use any imagery, emotion or theme that speaks to them.
This type of poetry is very important in literature. It captures the authenticity of life. Poets have the opportunity to express their thoughts and feelings in an honest way. There are no rules to follow, so it is more personal.
Famous poets throughout history have used free verse poetry. For example, Walt Whitman’s “Leaves of Grass” celebrates nature. Emily Dickinson wrote about love, death and spirituality in her poems.
This type of poetry is also used with young people. Ralph Fletcher wrote “Twilight Comes Twice” to show children the beauty of nature. Doreen Rappaport’s “Lady Liberty: A Biography” tells the story of how the Statue of Liberty came to represent freedom in the USA.
Importance and Significance of Free Verse Poetry
Free verse poetry is a big deal in literature. It strays away from the regular forms and lets poets try out language, and show their feelings and thoughts unconstrained. It gives artistry the chance to try new things, and go beyond set rhymes and beat.
The importance of free verse poetry is that it can catch pure emotion. By removing traditional forms, people can say what they want without having to follow rules. This form of poetry invites people to be themselves and bring out their own stories.
It also lets poets come up with new ideas and stretch language. Enjambment, imagery and figurative language can be used to craft verses that have an impact on readers.
Also, free verse poetry can be used to talk about social issues and criticize. No rules apply, so poets can bring up difficult matters and raise awareness. Through their words, they can focus attention on injustices, or any other problem in society, encouraging thought and action.
From Whitman to Dickinson, these literary giants prove that free verse poetry is the rebel with a cause in the literary world.
Examples of Free Verse Poetry in Literature
Explore the captivating world of free verse poetry in literature through notable works such as “Leaves of Grass” by Walt Whitman, “The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson,” “Twilight Comes Twice” by Ralph Fletcher, “Lady Liberty: A Biography” by Doreen Rappaport, “Free Verse: An Essay on Prosody” by Peter Macdiarmid, and “Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror” by John Ashbury. In these literary gems, experience the power and beauty of free verse as it defies traditional poetic structures and unleashes creative expression.
“Leaves of Grass” by Walt Whitman
Leaves of Grass by Walt Whitman is a famous collection of free verse poetry that exhibits the essence and value of this poetic form. It is a prime example of the strong and experimental quality of free verse poetry. Walt Whitman, the dad of free verse, abandons conventional poetic structures. This enables a liberated expression and exploration of feelings and ideas. Through his inventive use of language and imagery, Whitman’s Leaves of Grass captures the variety and beauty of life in an interesting and mesmerizing way.
Leaves of Grass by Walt Whitman has a prominent place in literary history due to its pioneering approach to poetry. The collection disregards customary notions of rhyme and meter. Instead, it focuses on the natural rhythm and cadence in everyday speech. By embracing free verse, Whitman creates a sense of freedom and impulsiveness in his writing. This gives readers a new viewpoint on the world around them. His daring use of imagery paints pictures that evoke strong emotions, increasing the effect of his work.
In addition to its artistic worth, Leaves of Grass also leaves readers with thought-provoking themes throughout the collection. Through his poetic exploration, Whitman talks about topics such as individualism, democracy, spirituality, sexuality, and humanity’s relationship with nature. His wise comments on these subjects still influence readers across generations.
Leaves of Grass by Walt Whitman is an enduring masterpiece that transformed the field of poetry. Its capacity to capture the essence of life through powerful imagery and innovative structure affirms its importance in the canon of literature. This iconic collection still motivates fledgling poets and stirs a sense of wonder in those who appreciate the beauty found within free verse poetry.
“The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson”
The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson – a remarkable collection! Her poetic voice is unique. Short yet profound language, unconventional punctuation, and sharp observations on life, love, nature, and death. Through her words, emotions explored and depths of human experience. Vivid imagery to evoke powerful emotions in readers.
What sets this apart? Dickinson’s mastery of form and structure. Also her ability to create thought-provoking and memorable pieces through metaphor and symbolism. The inclusion of lesser-known or previously unpublished works provides valuable insights. Showing her poetic evolution over time and offering readers a deeper understanding.
Remarkably, Emily Dickinson was relatively unknown during her lifetime. Now one of the most celebrated American poets! Her poetry continues to captivate with timeless themes and captivating language.
“Twilight Comes Twice” by Ralph Fletcher
Ralph Fletcher’s “Twilight Comes Twice” is a remarkable example of free verse poetry. With no rigid structure, Fletcher has crafted a rhythm that mimics the gentle flow of dusk. He experiments with line breaks and enjambment to create an organic feel. This freedom of expression allows him to share his contemplative musings on twilight, inviting readers to join him.
Fletcher uses imagery and emotion to bring his words to life. His descriptions transport readers to twilight landscapes full of shadowy silhouettes, fading hues, and ethereal moments. His emotional landscapes offer readers a chance to reflect on their own inner thoughts.
In conclusion, “Twilight Comes Twice” presents a captivating exploration of twilight through free verse poetry. With its unique style, vivid imagery and emotion, it’s perfect for poetry lovers who seek depth, rhythm and feeling in their reading.
“Lady Liberty: A Biography” by Doreen Rappaport
Lady Liberty: A Biography by Doreen Rappaport is an extraordinary tale. It delves deep into the captivating history and profound impact of this iconic figure. Rappaport meticulously researches and captivates with storytelling. She brings to life the story of Lady Liberty – a symbol of freedom and democracy.
Rappaport sheds light on Lady Liberty’s origins and immense importance. She provides readers with an in-depth look. She uncovers historical records, shares personal stories, and presents archival images. She paints a vivid and evocative picture of Lady Liberty’s enduring legacy.
What sets Lady Liberty: A Biography apart is its focus on individual stories. It adds depth and humanity to the national monument, allowing readers to form a personal connection. It’s informative and emotionally engaging. The book affords readers valuable insights into people from diverse backgrounds and their interpretation of Lady Liberty.
The book also discusses controversial debates surrounding the statue’s design, including its proposed location. Rappaport offers a well-rounded and fair-minded perspective on these debates. She encourages readers to consider multiple perspectives.
In conclusion, Lady Liberty: A Biography stands as an invaluable resource. Through research and storytelling, Rappaport brings to life the inspiring story of Lady Liberty. Readers gain a deep appreciation for her timeless legacy.
Free Verse: An Essay on Prosody by Peter Macdiarmid explores the beauty of free verse poetry. He convincingly argues that sometimes rules should be broken.
“Free Verse: An Essay on Prosody” by Peter Macdiarmid
Free Verse Poetry is an original and adaptable form of expression, differing from regular poetry structure and meter. In “Free Verse: An Essay on Prosody,” Peter Macdiarmid dives deep into this style, offering a profound analysis of its prosodic elements. Macdiarmid’s essay sheds light on the diverse methods and types of free verse. Readers can gain a better understanding of the creative freedom that comes with writing free verse through his essay.
Macdiarmid’s essay presents an in-depth look at prosody in free verse poetry. He examines how poets alter rhythm, sound, and emphasis to create memorable images. Free verse allows for experimentation with language and poetic devices. Macdiarmid’s essay emphasizes the importance of prosody in forming a poem’s impact and message.
Additionally, Macdiarmid talks about the evolution of free verse poetry. He follows its journey, highlighting Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson as two of its main figures. He also addresses debates and criticisms of free verse poetry, underlining its ongoing importance in modern literature.
In conclusion, “Free Verse: An Essay on Prosody” by Peter Macdiarmid is an extensive exploration of free verse poetry. Through thoughtful examination and scholarly insights, Macdiarmid reveals the techniques used by poets to create meaningful expressions with rhythm, sound, emphasis, and other prosodic elements. This essay is a great resource for those seeking to understand and appreciate this unusual yet captivating type of poetry.
“Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror” by John Ashbury
John Ashbury’s “Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror” is a renowned example of free verse poetry. His poem breaks from traditional poetic forms. It examines themes of self-reflection and identity with vivid imagery and language. The convex mirror works as a metaphor, prompting readers to consider their own sense of self.
Through free verse, Ashbury displays his creativity. He experiments with language and form to produce a unique poem. His use of sensory descriptions and the convex mirror creates a multi-dimensional experience. Readers are invited to contemplate their own identities.
John Ashbury’s poem is an impressive demonstration of his skill as a poet. It reveals the complexity of human identity. It engages readers intellectually, emotionally, and visually.
“Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror” is an inspirational reminder of the power of free verse. It is capable of capturing emotions and experiences that other forms of poetry may not.
Understanding the Structure of Free Verse Poetry
Free verse poetry offers a realm of creative freedom. In this section, we will delve into the structure of free verse poetry by analyzing blank verse, exploring various fixed forms, and discussing the versatility that free verse offers. Prepare to uncover the intricate patterns and unique expressions found within the world of free verse poetry.
Analysis of Blank Verse
Blank verse is an unrhymed form of poetry. It has a fixed metrical pattern of five feet per line, with each foot consisting of an unstressed and stressed syllable. This makes it a versatile form of expression in free verse poetry.
Many notable poets have employed blank verse. William Shakespeare used it in his plays, such as “Hamlet” and “Macbeth”. It allows for a natural flow of language, heightening the drama. John Milton’s epic poem “Paradise Lost” also demonstrates its power and elegance.
A unique trait of blank verse is that it creates structure without relying on rhyme. This lets poets focus more on the content. By using iambic pentameter, blank verse provides a sense of order and harmony.
We can further explore its flexibility with pauses and caesuras. These breaks can add emphasis, a dramatic effect, or musicality. Additionally, variations in line length can convey different emotions.
The analysis of blank verse reveals its importance in understanding free verse poetry. We can gain insight into its use throughout history and how it evolves in modern poetry. Why stick to rules when you can explore free-spirited rebellion?
Exploring Fixed Forms in Free Verse Poetry
Exploring fixed forms in free verse poetry? Let’s go! This genre of poetry breaks all the rules and rhymes. It’s versatile and boundary-breaking.
Enjambment is one technique used to create a sense of flow. It continues sentences or phrases on the next line without punctuation or pause. Poets also experiment with unconventional line breaks and stanza formations.
Typography is an important element too. Spacing, indentation, and capitalization can enhance their work. It draws attention to specific words and phrases and adds to the poem’s meaning.
Repetition is another tool. Words, phrases, or images are repeated. To emphasize key themes or ideas and give the poem a rhythmic quality.
By understanding how poets use structure and technique, we can appreciate their work more. We can uncover layers of meaning that were hidden before. So let’s set off on this journey of fixed forms within free verse poetry. Where words dance across lines, guided by the poet’s creative expression.
The Versatility of Free Verse Poetry
Free verse poetry is celebrated for its versatility. It breaks free from the traditional structures of poetry. This flexibility allows poets to express themselves creatively. This opens up many themes and emotions to explore. Walt Whitman’s “Leaves of Grass” captures the diverse experiences of America. Emily Dickinson’s “The Complete Poems” conveys intense emotions and complex ideas. Ralph Fletcher’s “Twilight Comes Twice” shows how free verse can be used for children’s poetry.
The stylistic choices of free verse also stand out. Blank verse uses unrhymed iambic pentameter. This adds structure while maintaining freedom. Poets can also use fixed forms, like repetition or parallelism. These patterns enhance the meaning of their work.
Free verse also emphasizes observation and reflection. It captures fleeting moments or internal thoughts without a framework. This opens up opportunities for introspection and personal interpretation.
Free verse has evolved with changing literary movements and norms. Critics debate if it lacks discipline and structure. Some praise its ability to capture raw emotion and authenticity.
In summary, free verse adapts to various themes, styles, and contexts. It explores emotions, observations, and reflections. Free verse harnesses the power of untamed emotions and the freedom of words.
Appreciating Free Verse Poetry
Free verse poetry offers a captivating journey through the realm of emotions and vivid imagery. In this section, we will delve into the sub-sections that explore the profound impact of emotions and imagery in free verse poetry, as well as the power of observation and reflection within this genre. Prepare to immerse yourself in the beauty of words and the visceral experience they can evoke.
Emotion and Imagery in Free Verse Poetry
Emotion and imagery have huge importance in free verse poetry. Poets can use vivid descriptions and evocative language to evoke strong emotions, and create powerful images in the minds of readers. They also don’t have to follow a strict rhyme scheme or meter, giving them the freedom to experiment.
A great example of emotion and imagery in free verse poetry is Walt Whitman’s “Leaves of Grass”. He paints a vivid picture of nature, humanity, and spirituality. His unstructured verse captures the beauty of nature and celebrates human diversity.
Emily Dickinson is another poet who illustrates the power of emotion and imagery through her concise yet evocative language. She explores complex emotions with vivid descriptions of ordinary objects or scenes from nature.
It is clear that emotion and imagery play an integral role in free verse poetry. They allow poets to tap into their readers’ emotions and imagination, setting it apart as an intriguing form of artistic expression.
Observation and Reflection in Free Verse Poetry
Free verse poetry offers a unique way to explore observation and reflection. No fixed structure – this style of poetry encourages readers to notice the beauty of everyday life.
Observation is key. Poets keenly observe the world around them, taking in the smallest details. Vivid imagery brings these observations to life on the page.
Reflection too plays a part. Poets use free verse to explore thoughts, feelings and experiences. Introspection delves into human emotions and existential questions. Readers can connect with the poet’s innermost feelings.
Spontaneity and experimentation are also valued. Freedom to express without worrying about rules or structures. This allows for continuous innovation within the genre.
Free verse poetry captivates readers. Rich imagery and deep emotional resonance. It offers a lens to view our world and contemplate our place. Capturing moments or pondering life’s complexities. It invites us to explore our own observations and reflections.
Come and be enchanted by free verse. Literary gems that will leave you spellbound.
Recommended Books Featuring Free Verse Poetry
Discover a treasure trove of recommended books that showcase the beauty and power of free verse poetry. From Walt Whitman’s iconic “Leaves of Grass” to Emily Dickinson’s profound collection of poems, these works offer a glimpse into the diverse world of free verse. Dive into Ralph Fletcher’s “Twilight Comes Twice” and explore the biography of “Lady Liberty” by Doreen Rappaport. Immerse yourself in the thought-provoking “Free Verse: An Essay on Prosody” by Peter Macdiarmid and experience John Ashbury’s captivating “Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror.”
“Leaves of Grass” by Walt Whitman
“Leaves of Grass” by Walt Whitman is a renowned collection of poems that express the characteristics of free verse poetry. In 1855, Whitman published his work, later expanding it. His style rejects traditional poetic forms and structures, instead embracing a flowing and unpredictable rhythm. It celebrates individualism, democracy, and everyday life.
This collection marks a groundbreaking departure from prescribed poetic conventions, influencing generations of poets to experiment with form and explore their unique voices through free verse. Whitman’s lyrical and expansive verses break away from the constraints of rhyme schemes and traditional line lengths, allowing his poetry to flow like human speech.
Uniquely, Whitman incorporates themes such as democracy, nature, love, sexuality, and spirituality into his compositions. His unrestricted use of language and imagery creates a rich tapestry, reflecting the complexity and diversity of human existence.
Initially controversial due to its unconventional style and subject matter, ‘Leaves of Grass’ has since become one of the most influential works in American literature. It has served as an inspiration for poets to embrace freedom within their art and has become a symbol of artistic self-expression. ‘Leaves of Grass’ continues to be celebrated for its innovative approach to poetry and its significant contribution to the literary canon.
“The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson”
Emily Dickinson, an esteemed American poet, is renowned for her collection of poems, “The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson”. She is acclaimed as a phenomenal poet and a major influence in American literature.
In her poems, Dickinson elaborates on themes such as nature, love, death, and spirituality. Her writing style is concise, often using non-traditional punctuation and capitalization. Additionally, she employs vivid imagery and metaphors to add complexity to her work.
This collection is special due to the copious amount of poems included. It showcases a broad range of her writing, ranging from multiple decades. Readers can dive into her style and examine the development of her themes and techniques.
“The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson” continues to fascinate readers worldwide. It conveys profound insights of human experiences while incorporating innovative literary devices. This compilation is an ode to Dickinson’s impressive contributions to the world of poetry and confirms her place among the greatest poets in literature.
“Twilight Comes Twice” by Ralph Fletcher
“Twilight Comes Twice” by Ralph Fletcher is iconic of free verse poetry. This form permits poets to abandon traditional structures and discover original ways of expressing themselves. There are no guidelines, so artists can tinker with words, beats, and line lengths to create something fresh and real.
This poem touches on the allure of twilight – the middle point between day and night. Fletcher uses striking imagery to portray the changing sky hues, the serenity that descends, and the special quality of light that appears. His focus on detail draws readers into the world of twilight and brings up ideas such as ephemerality, transitions, and introspection.
It’s noteworthy that “Twilight Comes Twice” won the Lee Bennett Hopkins Poetry Award for Children’s Poetry in 1998. This recognizes its significant influence within children’s literature. It shows how Fletcher’s free verse poetry resonates with young audiences, inspiring them to use their imaginations and recognize the beauty all around them.
“Lady Liberty: A Biography” by Doreen Rappaport
Doreen Rappaport’s book “Lady Liberty: A Biography” delves into the history and significance of the iconic statue. Her journey across the Atlantic to New York Harbor is explored through meticulous research and engaging storytelling.
Rappaport uses vivid imagery and emotive language to capture the essence of Lady Liberty’s cultural significance. Poetic exploration invites readers to appreciate both the tangible history and intangible influence of the statue.
Unique details within the book further enhance understanding, such as the symbolism and meaning behind the design. Rappaport also explores Lady Liberty’s role as a symbol for social justice movements. This helps us to see her more than just a tourist attraction – she stands as a testament to America’s commitment to freedom for all.
“Free Verse: An Essay on Prosody” by Peter Macdiarmid
Free Verse is a type of poetry that doesn’t follow a specific rhyming scheme or beat. Peter Macdiarmid’s “Free Verse: An Essay on Prosody” looks into the nuances of this form. He talks about how poets use elements like rhythm, line length, and sound to make the poem meaningful and evoke feelings.
Macdiarmid goes through different examples of free verse. He analyses the works of poets like Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson to show how they use free verse masterfully and can create powerful feelings without traditional structures. He also talks about other pieces like “Twilight Comes Twice” by Ralph Fletcher and “Lady Liberty: A Biography” by Doreen Rappaport to show the range of free verse.
The essay looks into the structure of free verse. It talks about blank verse, which is unrhymed iambic pentameter, and how it can fit in free verse. It also examines fixed forms, showing that even without a strict structure, poets still make deliberate choices with line breaks and stanzas.
Macdiarmid talks about emotion and imagery in free verse. He believes these are necessary for readers to have a vivid experience. He shows how poets use language and descriptions to make their readers feel something. Also, he describes how observation and reflection are important for a poet to capture the human experience.
“Free Verse: An Essay on Prosody” is a great exploration of free verse poetry. Macdiarmid looks into its range and versatility. He examines the structure and how poets manage rhythms, line breaks, and stanzas. He also talks about emotion, imagery, observation, and reflection as essential for free verse. This essay is perfect for anyone wanting to understand and appreciate free verse.
“Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror” by John Ashbury
John Ashbury’s poem, “Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror,” is unique. It defies traditional poetic conventions through its use of free verse. Ashbury shatters preconceived notions about rhyme and meter. This gives the poem an organic feel and intensifies its emotional power.
The title alludes to the distorted reflection in a convex mirror. This symbolizes the fragmented nature of self-perception. The poem explores this idea through vivid descriptions and metaphors.
Ashbury blurs the line between reality and illusion. He creates an atmosphere of mystery. This challenges readers to think about themselves and the world around them.
The poem won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1976. It remains an important part of contemporary literary canon.
The Evolution and Controversies of Free Verse Poetry
Free verse poetry has evolved significantly, sparking debates and criticisms over its authenticity and artistic value. Discover the origins and development of this unconventional poetic form, and delve into the controversies that surround it. Unearthing the rich history and exploring the varied perspectives surrounding free verse poetry will shed light on its enduring influence in the realm of literature.
Origins and Development of Free Verse Poetry
Free verse poetry has evolved from a shift in the form and structure of poetry. It’s a reaction to the rules and conventions of traditional forms, like sonnets and ballads. Poets have the freedom to play with language, rhythm, and line breaks.
Pioneering poets such as Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson paved the way. Whitman’s “Leaves of Grass” is a landmark with its long lines and fragmented syntax. Dickinson often wrote with no rhymes and irregular line lengths.
Ralph Fletcher’s “Twilight Comes Twice” showcases the versatility of this form. Doreen Rappaport’s “Lady Liberty” uses free verse to tell stories.
Peter Macdiarmid’s essay goes further. He explores prosody and techniques, delving into the intricacies of crafting meaningful free verse.
John Ashbury’s “Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror” exemplifies free verse experimentation. He uses symbolism, allusion, and fragmented images.
Ultimately, free verse allows for artistic freedom that breaks away from constraints. It continues to develop, sparking debate and criticism, but it’s a vital part of the poetic world.
Criticisms and Debates Surrounding Free Verse Poetry
Free verse poetry has sparked debates in the literary world. Critics claim it lacks discipline and craftsmanship due to its absence of rhyme and meter. They argue it can appear unpolished or amateurish. Others worry it may become formless and devoid of meaning.
Proponents assert free verse’s artistic merit lies in its ability to capture raw emotion and unrestricted expression. Through its freedom, they believe poets can create powerful works that resonate deeply with readers. It allows them to experiment with style, rhythm, and language.
Free verse poetry is a special way to express yourself. It doesn’t have a strict meter or rhyme scheme. Instead, it encourages creativity and offers the poet a chance to show their thoughts and emotions. The structure comes from the natural rhythm of language and the poet’s style. Traditional poetry rules can be broken, allowing for a more organic and spontaneous form of self-expression.
The absence of a set structure in free verse poetry gives poets the freedom to play with language and experiment with literary techniques. Without a rhyme scheme or meter, poets can focus on conveying their message and feelings in an honest way. This makes free verse poetry a great tool for self-expression, allowing poets to connect with readers on a deeper level.
Plus, free verse poetry lets poets go beyond traditional forms and explore unconventional ideas and themes. This type of poetry has a more fluid and flexible approach, offering chances for invention and experimentation. By using vivid images, sensory details, and unusual language, free verse poets can compose unique and thought-provoking pieces that break the boundaries of traditional poetry.
Many influential poets in history have made free verse popular, such as Walt Whitman and T.S. Eliot. They made use of the freedom free verse offers and changed the landscape of poetry. By going off the beaten path, they made it possible for future generations of poets to explore new poetic territories and express themselves in different ways.
FAQs about Understanding Free Verse Poetry
What is free verse poetry?
Free verse poetry is a type of poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhythm, and it does not follow a fixed rhyme scheme. It allows poets to express themselves artistically and shape their poems however they desire.
How is free verse poetry different from prose poems?
Free verse poems do not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme, while prose poems are passages written in prose style but still considered poetry. Prose poems may have some poetic elements, while free verse poems are based on natural pauses and rhythmical phrases.
Can you provide examples of free verse poetry in literature?
Examples of free verse poetry include Walt Whitman’s “A Noiseless Patient Spider,” John Ashbury’s “Soonest Mended,” Emily Dickinson’s “Come Slowly, Eden,” and Ezra Pound’s “The Garden.”
How can I understand and appreciate free verse poetry?
To understand and appreciate free verse poetry, it is recommended to read the poem aloud, pay attention to the poetic language used, and analyze the form of the poem. Considering the “so what” of the poem can also provide insight into its meaning and effect.
Are there any recommended books that feature free verse poetry?
Yes, some recommended books that feature free verse poetry include “Twilight Comes Twice” by Ralph Fletcher, “Lady Liberty: A Biography” by Doreen Rappaport, “Desert Voices” by Byrd Baylor, and “Love that Dog” by Sharon Creech.
What are the roots of free verse poetry?
The roots of free verse poetry can be traced back to ancient times, where early poetry was composed of prose-like chants without rhyme or rigid rules. The popularity of free verse increased in the 20th century as part of a larger movement encouraging personal expression and experimentation.